Dealing with the emotional trauma of losing a loved one is always difficult, but in cases where negligence or wrongful actions caused their death, it can be especially devastating. You may also have to bear financial consequences surprisingly quickly when loss of income and funeral costs come into play.
Understanding how compensation from a successful wrongful death claim gets distributed among surviving loved ones can alleviate some of your stress about the process.
Wrongful Death Lawsuits and Compensation
A wrongful death lawsuit is a civil action brought against one or more individuals or entities whose negligent, reckless, or deliberate conduct results in someone’s death. The primary objective of these lawsuits is to recover damages for losses incurred due to the person’s premature passing.
Types of Compensation Recoverable in Washington D.C. Wrongful Death Claims
Damages that can be sought in a wrongful death case typically include the following:
- The cost of funeral and burial services for your loved one. This helps to alleviate immediate financial pressures faced by families during such circumstances.
- Families may also seek compensation for any medical expenses related to the deceased individual’s illness or injury. These can be extensive when emergency care was given before their passing.
- A loss of anticipated financial support forms a significant component of the damages in wrongful death cases. Families could recover wages and benefits that the deceased would have earned throughout their lifetime had they not passed away early. This is determined by multiple factors like the individual’s career trajectory, age at passing, health status prior to their death, and even economic trends.
- Wrongful death claims seek compensation not only for tangible damages but also intangible or non-economic ones. For example, this can include the loss of emotional support or personal advice that the deceased could have provided to their family members.
How Compensation is Distributed in a Wrongful Death Lawsuit
The compensation awarded in a wrongful death lawsuit is primarily determined by the amount of damages and losses experienced, as assessed by either a judge or jury. They evaluate various factors such as the victim’s earnings, their projected future income that their dependents are deprived of due to premature passing, funeral and burial costs, and more.
Subsequent to the decision on total compensation amount comes distribution. In instances where the decedent left behind a will, the personal representative becomes responsible for distributing wrongful death proceeds among family members as written in the document.
However, if there is no will, damages are distributed according to DC Code Section 19-301.
How Compensation is Distributed When There is No Will
In the absence of a will, here’s how wrongful death damages would typically be allocated based on relationships:
- Faced with only a surviving spouse, absent children or parents, the spouse is awarded all of the damages.
- If there are both children and a surviving spouse in existence after someone passes away, ⅔ get transferred to the spouse and the rest goes to the children.
- If the surviving spouse is not the biological parent of the deceased’s children, the death benefit would then be split equally among the spouse and the children, with half going to each.
- If there is at least one surviving parent and a surviving spouse, 75% of damages are awarded to the spouse and 25% are given to the parent.
- If there is no existing spouse or children, the parents will be awarded 100% of the wrongful death damages.
- In situations where the deceased has neither a surviving spouse, child, or parent, damages from the wrongful death claim are awarded to any surviving siblings.
“The intestate share of a decedent’s surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner is:
(1) The entire intestate estate, if no descendant or parent of the decedent survives the decedent;
(2) Two-thirds of any balance of the intestate estate, if the decedent’s surviving descendants are also descendants of the surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner and there is no other descendant of the surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner who survives the decedent;
(3) Three-fourths of any balance of the intestate estate, if no descendant of the decedent survives the decedent, but a parent of the decedent survives the decedent;
(4) One-half of any balance of the intestate estate, if all of the decedent’s surviving descendants are also descendants of the surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner and the surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner has one or more surviving descendants who are not descendants of the decedent; or
(5) One-half of any balance of the intestate estate, if one or more of the decedent’s surviving descendants are not descendants of the surviving spouse or surviving domestic partner.”
Making sure you understand how the proceeds are distributed ensures that you get what you are truly entitled to.
Contact Lightfoot Law For Assistance With a Washington D.C. Wrongful Death Claim
If you or someone you know is dealing with the unfortunate circumstances of a wrongful death, a Washington D.C wrongful death lawyer from Lightfoot Law is here to help. Navigating legal procedures during such traumatic times can feel overwhelming and complex; you don’t need to do it alone. Contact us today to schedule a free consultation.